One day a woman named Rosa Parks was traveling home from work on a Montgomery bus, in Alabama. She was tired after her day’s work. She sat down in one of the seats at the back of the bus that were for black people. White people used the ones in front. But the bus was crowded that night and there weren’t enough seats for everyone. When a white man got on the bus and couldn’t find a seat the driver ordered Mrs. Parks to get up and give him hers.
Afterwards Mrs. Parks said she didn’t know what made her do it. Usually she did as was told. But that night she refused to give up her seat. The driver called a policeman. She was arrested and dragged off to prison.
When Dr. Martin Luther King heard about it he said “We could all stop using the buses”. If the passengers did it the bus companies would have serious financial losses.
This what he meant by “nonviolent direct actionr". It was action that would express the people’s strong feeling without attacking anyone. He got the idea from Gandhi, whose picture hung over his desk. He had always admired Gandhi.
It was a hard struggle, but at last the black, under the leadership of King, proved their point, based on the Constitution.
In one of his famous speeches, Luther King said: “I say to you today, even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. “His dream was that of a country where men would be truly equal. “I have a dream that my four little children one day will live in a nation were they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character… With this faith we will be able to work together, to struggle together, to go to prison together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing we will be free one day.”
(Adapted from Great People of Our Time, Carol Christian,
Macmillan Education Ltd., 1973. p. 64-67.)
Martin Luther King Jr (1929-1968)
1 - Quem foi Martin Luther King?
2 – No texto há duas antíteses “prison” and “freedom”, traduza os termos em português.
3 – Que nome se dá à discriminação sofrida pela Sra. Parks?
4 – Luther King orientou seus seguidores que parassem de usar os ônibus. Que nome se dá a isso? Em quem ele se inspirou?
5 – Qual era o sonho de Martin Luther King?